Many people wonder what phobias are and what are the most common phobias. Specific phobias are those where a person has an intense and irrational fear of a specific thing and are one of three classifications of phobias according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Approximately 7% to 12% of people are believed to meet diagnostic criteria for at least one specific phobia during their lifetimes. The types of specific phobias include animals (e.g., dogs, spiders), natural environment (e.g., water, thunderstorms, dark), blood/injection/injury (e.g., blood, medical procedures), situational (e.g., driving, tunnels, flying), and other (e.g., number 13, choking, clowns , beautiful women). Animal phobias and fear of heights are the most common of the various types of specific phobias.
While there are hundreds of possible specific phobias, below is a list of ten of the most common specific phobias:
–Acrophobia is an intense fear of heights. This is one of the most common phobias.
–Ophidiophobia is an intense fear of snakes and is one of the most common animal phobias. If a person is scared of other reptiles, not just snakes, they may have herpetophobia.
–Arachnophobia is a phobia of spiders. These little eight-legged creatures can creep out even the toughest man.
–Claustrophobia is a fear of enclosed or confined spaces. Those with claustrophobia will avoid being in small offices, elevators, train compartments, etc.
–Trypanophobia is an intense fear of injections and hypodermic needles. Trypanophobia is commonly referred to as “needle phobia” or “injection phobia”. Individuals with this fear may faint while getting injections.
–Musophobia is an intense fear of mice or rats. These fears are also sometimes known as suriphobia and murophobia.
– Odontophobia or dental anxiety is an intense fear of receiving dental treatment. People with dental anxiety may completely avoid going to the dentist or only go once they have a serious problem.
–Cynophobia is a phobia of dogs. While many people love man’s best friend, dogs can also cause panic in a number of individuals.
–Mysophobia is an intense and irrational fear of contamination, dirt, and germs. People with mysophobia are sometimes referred to as germophobes or mysophobes.
–Aerophobia is a fear of flying in airplanes. Many people with aerophobia also have claustrophobia.
For further information about the most common phobias and treatments for specific phobias: